Canada’s annual inflation rate held steady at 6.9 per cent last month.
After declining for several months, Statistics Canada said the rate of inflation was unchanged in October from September as gas prices went up.
In its latest consumer price index report released Wednesday, the federal agency said higher mortgage interest costs also put upward pressure on inflation.
However, offsetting higher gas prices and rising interest rates was a slowdown in price growth for groceries and natural gas.
Grocery prices have been rising at the fastest pace in decades in recent months. In October, grocery prices were 11 per cent higher than they were a year ago. That’s down from 11.4 per cent in September.
Despite the slowdown, grocery prices continued to rise at a faster year-over-year pace than overall inflation for an eleventh consecutive month.
On a monthly basis, the consumer price index was up 0.7 per cent.
The latest inflation numbers come after several months of declines in headline inflation. After reaching a peak of 8.1 per cent in June, inflation has slowed, largely due to tumbling gas prices.
However, gas prices went up in October for the first time since June, climbing 9.2 per cent from September to October.
The cost of living is a top concern in the Canadian economy as inflation erodes purchasing power and pushes the Bank of Canada to raise interest rates rapidly.
However, the gap between inflation and growth in wages is narrowing as inflation slows and wages continue to rise.
In October, wages were up 5.6 per cent compared to a year ago.
The Bank of Canada has raised interest rates six consecutive times since March to clamp down on high inflation. After slashing rates to near-zero during the pandemic, the central bank has moved quickly this year to raise the cost of borrowing for Canadians and businesses.
Higher interest rates are expected to bring about an economic slowdown that the central bank hopes will bring inflation down.
The Bank of Canada will be paying close attention to the latest consumer price index report as it prepares for its next interest rate decision slated in December.
The central bank will have an eye on its preferred core measures of inflation, which tend to be less volatile than the headline rate.
Here’s what happened in the provinces (previous month in brackets):
- Newfoundland and Labrador: 6.5 per cent (6.1)
- Prince Edward Island: 8.7 per cent (8.4)
- Nova Scotia: 7.7 per cent (7.3)
- New Brunswick: 6.9 per cent (6.8)
- Québec: 6.4 per cent (6.5)
- Ontario: 6.5 per cent (6.7)
- Manitoba: 8.4 per cent (8.1)
- Saskatchewan: 8.0 per cent (7.1)
- Alberta: 6.8 per cent (6.2)
- British Columbia: 7.8 per cent (7.7)
The agency also released rates for major cities, but cautioned that figures may have fluctuated widely because they are based on small statistical samples (previous month in brackets):
- St. John’s, NL: 6.4 per cent (5.8)
- Charlottetown-Summerside: 9.4 per cent (9.0)
- Halifax: 7.7 per cent (7.3)
- Saint John, NB: 7.3 per cent (6.8)
- Quebec City: 6.7 per cent (6.7)
- Montreal: 6.7 per cent (6.8)
- Ottawa: 6.7 per cent (6.8)
- Toronto: 6.4 per cent (6.6)
- Thunder Bay, Ont.: 6.7 per cent (6.1)
- Winnipeg: 8.3 per cent (8.0)
- Regina: 7.8 per cent (7.0)
- Saskatoon: 8.0 per cent (6.8)
- Edmonton: 6.8 per cent (5.9)
- Calgary: 7.4 per cent (6.8)
- Vancouver: 7.3 per cent (7.7)
- Victory: 7.9 per cent (8.0)
- Whitehorse: 7.6 per cent (7.5)
- Yellowknife: 7.1 per cent (7.7)
- Iqaluit: 4.3 per cent (5.0)
This report by The Canadian Press was first published Nov. 16, 2022